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【週日閱讀科學大師】促進傷口自我癒合的新科技

112/06/19 瀏覽次數 3984

本講題回顧生活中的自然生成電漿,並將其發展為工業上的重要輔助用途。通過控制「非穩定態」電漿的物理特性,即電漿中的具能量及可反應物質,可以誘導許多化學效應和應用,用作分析和測量等用途。近年來,常壓下產生的電漿,實際已應用於科技工藝製程中;尤其在通過醫療裝置(儀器)的電磁性安規及醫療等級規範後,更可使用在,例如:外科(含癌組織切除)、皮膚科(含醫療美容)、牙科(含細菌衍生的治療)等的醫療用途,新名詞「電漿醫療」於是漸廣為知曉。由於醫療電子的進展,其衍生的醫療裝置產品已陸續被發表。這些潛在醫療應用較與「傷口」的產生與癒合治療有關,本講題描述「古老」的電漿如何能夠促進傷口的自我癒合;「電漿醫療」是怎麼推進到「臨床試驗」,然後嘗試進入常規療程,以造福「傷口」相關的類似適應症患者。

This lecture reviews the natural generation of plasma in life and develops it into an important auxiliary use in industry. By controlling the physical properties of "unstable" plasmas, the energetic and reactive species in the plasma, many chemical effects and applications can be induced for purposes such as analysis and measurement. In recent years, the plasma generation under atmospheric pressure has been widely used in technological processes; especially after passing the electromagnetic safety regulations and medical grade specifications for medical devices (instruments), it can be used in, e.g., surgery (including excision of cancerous tissue), dermatology (including medical aesthetics), dentistry (including bacterial-derived treatment), the new term "plasma medicine" has become known. Due to the progress of medical electronics, its derivative medical device products have been announced one after another. These potential medical applications are more related to the generation and healing of "wounds". This lecture describes how "ancient" plasma can eventually promote the self-healing of wounds; how "plasma medicine" is advanced to "clinical trials", and then tried to enter a regular course of treatment for the benefit of patients with similar indications related to "wounds".

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